Developments in PIL Reports, recommendations, studies etc.

Study to Support a Report on the Application of Brussels I bis

The European Commission has published, on 29 March 2023, a Study to support the preparation of a report on the application of the Brussels I bis Regulation, on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters.

The blurb reads as follows.

Regulation 1215/2012 (Brussels Ia Regulation) was adopted on 12 December 2012, entered into force on 9 January 2013, and started to apply from 10 January 2015 onwards. It aims to establish a uniform and comprehensive set of rules governing jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in cross-border civil and commercial matters. The scope of the Regulation encompasses a wide range of civil and commercial matters, including insurance, consumer, and employment contracts. It applies in all EU Member States. Since the adoption of the Regulation, several developments, such as the case-law of the CJEU, increased worker mobility, digitalisation, the adoption of new international instruments in the field of private international law (PIL) (such as the 2019 Hague Judgments Convention), the adoption of other EU instruments providing for PIL rules applicable in civil and commercial cross-border matters (such as the Maintenance Regulation or the Insolvency Regulation) are likely to have had an impact on its operation. In this context, the objective of the Study is to assist the Commission in preparing the report on the application of the Brussels Ia Regulation (as provided under its Article 79), and to provide a thorough legal analysis of the application of the Brussels Ia Regulation in the Member States. In particular, the Study aims to determine whether the Regulation is correctly applied in the Member States and to identify specific difficulties encountered in practice. The Study also aims to assess whether recent socioeconomic changes pose challenges to the application of Brussels Ia Regulation’s rules, definitions, and connecting factors. The analysis – based on desk research, CJEU and national case-law analysis and interviews at both the EU and national levels – covers 34 questions on the main legal and practical issues and questions arising from the application of the Brussels Ia Regulation.

The study, written by Milieu, is based on advice provided by Pedro de Miguel Asensio and Geert Van Calster, and draws on input from a team of national experts including Florian Heindler and  Markus Schober, Michiel Poesen, Dafina Sarbinova, Christiana Markou, Hana Špániková, Bettina Rentsch and Maren Vogel, Morten M. Fogt, Thomas Hoffmann and Karine Veersalu, Argyro Kepesidi Eduardo Álvarez-Armas, Katja Karjalainen, Virginie Rouas, Ivan Tot, Tamás Fézer, William Binchy, Laura Carpaneto and Stefano Dominelli, Yvonne Goldammer and Arnas Stonys, Vincent Richard, Aleksandrs Fillers, Emma Psaila, Kirsten Henckel, Anna Wysocka-Bar, Maria João E. de Matias Fernandes, Sergiu Popovici, David Jackson, Ela Omersa, and Natalia Mansella.

The report can be found here.

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