The EU has developed a common judicial area where judgments given in one EU Member State are recognised and can be enforced in all others. To this end, the EU has adopted a number of legal instruments that regulate and ease cross-border enforcement, ensuring legal certainty for all parties and making these processes easier. One of them is Regulation (EC) 805/2004 creating a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims (the EEO Regulation).

When it was adopted, the Regulation was a ground-breaking instrument that was the first to abolish the need for obtaining a declaration of enforceability in the requested state (the so-called ‘exequatur’). The EEO certificate has replaced it.

Other similar legal instruments were adopted in quick succession, leading to the ‘exequatur’ being abolished by Regulation (EU) 1215/2012 (the Brussels I bis Regulation), although with different conditions than those in the EEO Regulation.

In 2020, the Commission decided to evaluate the EEO Regulation, and to carry out a consultation as a part of the evaluation process. The Commission sought opinions on how the Regulation is working, also with regard to the Brussels Ibis Regulation. It also aimed to collect practical experiences with the EEO Regulation and views on its use in the future.

Upon an invitation by the Commission, the EAPIL formed a Working Group chaired by Jan von Hein (University of Freiburg/Germany). This Working Group presented a position paper in November 2020 that is now available here.

Members of the Working Group will also participate in the upcoming Commission’s online workshop on the revision of the EEO Regulation in January 2021.

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