Case law Developments in PIL

January 2021 at the Court of Justice of the European Union

Not much to be reported on the activity of the Court for January 2021 on PIL (nor for February, as of today).

The Opinion by AG Campos Sánchez-Bordona in C-913/19, CNP, will be delivered on 14 January. The request comes from the District Court in Białystok, and concerns an insurance case involving the interpretation of Chapter I, Section 3, of the Brussels I bis Regulation, and the systematic relationship with Articles 7.2 and 7.5:

(1) Should Article 13(2), in conjunction with Article 10, of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 … be interpreted as meaning that, in a dispute between a trader and an insurance company, the former having acquired from an injured party a claim arising from civil liability insurance against that insurance company, the establishment of court jurisdiction on the basis of Article 7(2) or Article 7(5) of the regulation is not precluded?

(2) If Question 1 is answered in the affirmative, should Article 7(5) of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 … be interpreted as meaning that a commercial company operating in a Member State which adjusts losses under compulsory insurance against civil liability in respect of the use of motor vehicles pursuant to a contract with an insurance undertaking established in another Member State is a branch, agency or other establishment of that insurance undertaking?

(3) If Question 1 is answered in the affirmative, should Article 7(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 … be interpreted as meaning that it constitutes an independent basis for the jurisdiction of the court of the Member State in which the harmful event occurred, before which court the creditor who has acquired the claim from the injured party under compulsory insurance against civil liability brings an action against an insurance undertaking established in another Member State?

The case will be decided by a chamber of five judges, with Mme Rossi reporting.

Next date will be 28 January, with the hearing in C-603/20 PPU, a case on the Brussels II bis Regulation from the High Court of Justice of England and Wales, Family Division, filed last in October 2020. The proceedings relate to the abduction of a girl to India. The question submitted to the Court reads as follows:

Does Article 10 of Brussels 2 retain jurisdiction, without limit of time, in a member state if a child habitually resident in that member state was wrongfully removed to (or retained in) a non-member state where she, following such removal (or retention), in due course became habitually resident?

The case has been allocated to a chamber of five judges, with Mr. Regan reporting. M. Rantos has been appointed AG.

Senior research fellow MPI Luxembourg (on leave) Legal secretary at the CJEU Full Professor PIL, University of La Laguna (Spain)

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