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EAPIL Establishes Working Groups

Eapil logoIn accordance with its goal to be a pan-European forum for reflection on issues of private international law, the European Association of Private International Law is seeking to establish working groups which will reflect on selected topics of private international law and submit their conclusions for endorsement by the Association.

EAPIL Working Groups might be constituted to reflect on any topic of private international law, whether broad or specific, theoretical or practical. The goal of Working Groups is to publish their conclusions in a document which could take various forms (reports, draft legislation, principles, recommendations, position papers, etc.).

All EAPIL members are entitled either to join any established Working Group, or to follow the work of the Working Group by joining its Members Consultative Committee.

Finally, the Association invites all members to propose the constitution of Working Groups on any topic of interest. More information on the procedure for establishing Working Groups can be found here.

Project on the Feasibility of a European Private International Law Act

The first Working Group established by EAPIL will refect on the feasibility of a European PIL Act and is chaired by Professor T. Kadner Gaziano. A full description of the project is available on the Group’s page.

Other Contemplated Working Groups

The establishment of several other working groups is currently contemplated. Proposals will be submitted for approval to the Scientific Committee once an appropriate number of members has expressed interest to join them. Any interested member is invited to contact the responsible person for the relevant group.

Project on a future European Regulation on International Property Law

So far, International Property Law has not been a subject matter in the ongoing process of Europeanisation of Private International Law through Regulations. This does not mean that the European legislator has not yet touched property law. The Regulations on matrimonial property and on succession have certain overlaps with international property law which the CJEU is in the process of clarifying (see e.g. the famous Kubicka case). Rights in rem also play a role for the rules on exclusive jurisdiction (Article 24 nr. 1 Brussels I bis Regulation). Furthermore, numerous directives, especially in the realm of finance law, use the lex rei sitae as a connecting factor.

This fragmented picture and the fact that Member States’ autonomous rules on international property law are by far not uniform although most, if not all, still use the lex rei sitae principle as a starting point, call for a European Regulation on the law applicable to proprietary rights. The project is meant to be limited to tangible movable and immovable property, leaving out rights in intangibles (claims, intellectual property rights) and securities whether incorporated or unincorporated.

The group is still under formation. EAPIL Members who like to join it are invited to signal their interest to Prof. Dr. Eva-Maria Kieninger (

Project on Interests in European Private International Law

The issue of interests is a topic of the highest practical importance, which is raised by the award of any sums of money. In cross-border relations, it is necessary to assess which law applies to them, whether at the adjudicatory stage when a court rules on a financial claim, or at the enforcement stage, when an enforcement authority is requested to enforce a foreign judgment. Yet, European Regulations of PIL are largely silent on the topic. The working group will aim at proposing either amendments to existing legislation or interpretations addressing these issues.

Members interested to join the working group or follow its work in the Members Consultative Committee are invited to contact Prof. Dr. Caroline Kleiner (

Project on the Evidence Regulation

The Evidence Regulation is currently being recast. Unfortunately, the contemplated reform neglects the most important of its flaws, the need for liberalization of the cross-border taking of evidence in the European Union. The CJEU has underscored the backwardness of the Evidence Regulation by allowing courts of the Member States to ignore it and use directly their national procedures. The working group will aim at proposing a new ambitious framework liberalizing cross-border taking of evidence in the European Union.

Members interested to join the working group or follow its work in the Members Consultative Committee are invited to contact Prof. Dr. Gilles Cuniberti (